In segment 28d: Proxy Wars and the Arms Race, we cover several near-wars and proxy wars around the world.
The Korean War of 1950-1953 pitted South Korea, the US, and various United Nations forces against North Korea and Red China.
Despite General MacArthur's urgings, the Korean War didn't turn into a nuclear war.
1956 brought two crises: the Suez crisis, pitting Britain, France, and Israel against modern Egypt, and the Hungarian Revolution.
Fortunately, neither of these episodes turned into a full-blown war,
nor did President Kennedy's idiotic 1961 "Bay of Pigs" invasion of Castro's Cuba.
Far more frightening was the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962,
which the USSR was cajoled into removing its secret nuclear missile bases from Cuba.
The arms race and the space race continued, at an exorbitant cost, which would take its toll on both East and West.
Segment 28b: A Farewell To Empires
In World War Two, the German, Japanese, and Italian empires were defeated, never to rise again.